Especially when it comes to physical exertion such as sports, it is extremely strenuous to train in humid weather. But even without exercise, some people can hardly stand the humidity in the air. The term sultry is not a measure in the actual sense. Humidity is a weather situation that arises when warm and humid air meet. There are different moisture terms to define:
the relative humidity describes the relationship between the absolute humidity and the maximum possible.
the absolute humidity describes how much moisture the air actually contains.
This is how the degree of moisture is determined
Temperature and dew point determine the degree of humidity. The dew point occurs when the temperature has risen so much that the humidity in the air begins to condense. At this moment, the relative humidity is 100 percent. The limit when the air is completely saturated with water vapor is called the dew point temperature.
If the dew point is greater than 16 degrees, meteorologists speak of muggy weather.
So when a certain temperature and relative humidity combine, it creates mugginess, which we call muggy weather.
The sultry weather and its effects on humans
If the ambient temperature warms up, the body begins to perspire from a certain degree of heat. The sweat escapes from the pores of the skin and cools down. This process is called condensation. The effect is the same as that of an air conditioner.
However, if the air in the area is too humid, no condensation, i.e. cooling, can take place. That means the sweat that escapes stays on the skin, causing us to sweat even more. If there is also no breeze, we find this weather situation to be particularly oppressive. In this case, dangerous overheating can quickly set in.
You can recognize an overheated body by the fact that you get dizzy and you suffer from circulatory problems. The worst form of overheating is what is known as heat stroke. This also includes circulatory collapse. The risk of suffering a heart attack increases.
Therefore, when the weather is humid, you should avoid all activities that strain you and that you do not feel comfortable with. Find cool, shady spots and drink more than usual. Mineral water is ideal for reabsorbing the trace elements that have been sweated out.
The temperature of the drink should be room temperature to lukewarm. If it’s too cold, it refreshes you at first, but takes revenge the next moment. The stomach warms the cold drink and releases a signal that the body should be warmed up further. So rather counterproductive in the situation.